Tuberculosis is considered one of the deadliest diseases. According to the World Health Organization Tuberculosis is one of the top causes of death worldwide.
Tuberculosis has a notorious history. In fact, a century ago, Tuberculosis was an incurable disease and was the leading cause of death in the US. But thanks to a German physician named Robert Koch who discovered the disease and to French bacteriologists named Albert Calmette and Camille Guerin who discovered the vaccine, the deaths from this disease have been lessened.
Here are some important facts about Tuberculosis also known as TB:
TB is caused by a bacteria called Mycobacterium tuberculosis, an airborne disease that can be transmitted when an infected person coughs, sneezes or spits.
Inhalation of only a few TB germs can infect an individual.
It may not cause a person to get ill at once. In fact, a third of the world’s population are infected with latent TB. Individuals with latent TB possibly convert into active TB once their immune system weakens due to HIV, diabetes, tobacco use, etc.
Only people who are already ill with Tuberculosis (active TB) can transmit the disease
People with active TB may not immediately notice that they have the disease since it may exhibit mild symptoms for many months.
Ultraviolet light kills the TB bacteria.
Symptoms of Tuberculosis
Coughing with sputum and blood at times
Fever and night sweats
Our immune system usually weakens as the weather changes. These are the most important times when we should take better care of our health to avoid diseases such as this. And the possibility of cross contamination from people with active TB increases as we frequent population-dense indoor areas.
Here are tips on how to avoid getting an active TB infection:
Get enough sleep, nutritious food, and exercise to boost your resistance to any illness.
Get enough sunshine.
If you cannot avoid working or being in areas with people infected with active TB
it is strongly suggested that you do not spend long periods of time with them in stuffy, enclosed rooms unless they are treated at least for 2 weeks.
use protective face masks
encourage the person with active TB to follow the treatment prescribed by his/her doctor/physician.
Cure for Tuberculosis
The cure for TB varies depending on the type of TB present in the individual (Latent TB or Active TB).
Latent TB- Before the disease becomes active it is best to have it treated right away. The doctor may prescribe any of the ff (all of these antibiotics stop the growth of bacteria):
INH – Known as Isonizaid is the most common medication (antibiotic pill) for latent TB.
Rifampin – Another antibiotic pill that can be taken if you have side effects to INH.
Combination of Rifapentine and INH
Active TB – If you are already sick with Tuberculosis, you may need to take any three or four of the medications in 2 months to test which one would be the most effective in eliminating the TB bacteria. Some of them are the same antibiotic treatments for Latent TB.
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Belina C. Nernberg
Belina Calderon-Nernberg is the CEO and founder of 1Heart Caregiver Services. Recently offering 1Heart franchise business opportunities to the public, Belina provided the vision, leadership, and direction that the company needed to achieve its goal of making a positive difference in the homecare industry. As her greatest accomplishment, the company is now equipped with the expertise to expand its business operations to different States in the U.S. Belina brings with her a corporate experience of 25 years, with 15 solid years of experience as CEO of an employment agency and a senior care service company in Southern California. Belina has a Bachelor’s degree in Economics from the University of St. La Salle, Philippines. She has been the recipient of several awards given to emerging leaders in business, community service, arts, and entertainment. She has also been honored as an Ambassador of Goodwill by the HiFi (Historic Filipinotown) Neighborhood Council. This title is bestowed to carefully selected Filipino-Americans who are persons of integrity who have the ability “to promote, reach out, influence and mobilize public interest and support of the ideals, values, principles, and programs of the Historic Filipinotown.